Photo touch-up and retouching.
Take those blemished, scarred, off-color photos and
touch them up like the
pro's do (like fashion editors): Photoshop is
(unofficially) dermatologist recommended!
Do you ever have any photographs that you would like to restore or touchup?
If you can think of it, Photoshop can probably do it! Let's talk a little
bit about photo restoration and retouching here.
Touchup is something that is very practical and any proficient PS Designer must
understand and many novices will find very useful. After you're done
retouching, just output the final image any way you would like (ie. web, print
on photo paper..)!
Photoshop is perfect for retouching and image enhancement. The first thing
you'll want to do is make sure the image is color
corrected and light-balanced. You can just go under Image> Adjustments and
bring up the levels command and color balance
(if necessary or Match Color).
Maybe try the shadow/highlight tool if you need to bring up darker areas,
otherwise with levels you can adjust the lightness, darkness and contrast of the
image by moving the sliders.
Remembering that when you go straight to make an adjustment that you are making
an adjustment on that entire layer that you are on in the layers palette.
You can also make a selection on that layer and apply adjustments only to the
selection (ie. an area within a rectangle marquee).
Ask yourself if you are sure you want to go ahead and make adjustments on this
original layer. I recommend either doing an
adjustment layer (which will appear
on top of and apply changes to the layer below) or create a duplicate layer of
the original (which you will have to do anyways when you're making changes such
as moving or altering pixels (healing brush, etc.)
There are different ways to get things done. But always make sure you make
a duplicate of the current layer when you are going to change any pixels. If you
know that the layer needs a permanent adjustment changes you can make it right
on the original layer and save it like that but it is always safest to keep an
original copy as a bottom or background layer.
After you've made basic image enhancements using adjustments, you can use
several different tools and filters to further enhance or retouch/restore your
image. It just depends what challenge you have. For example you can
use the healing brush, clone stamp, patch tool and even the new color
replacement tool (in CS).
Camera flash left
some red eye? No problem..you've got Photoshop! (you do have it
"Fonteyn" is due for some color replacement in her eyes
during the CS Features Tutorial.
The clone stamp will duplicate pixels from the crosshairs of your source point
(make sure you create a new layer to do this). The miracle working healing brush
will magically blend your source point (use a good area of the image you want to
sample) into the area you heal with the brush.
Healing will automatically match the texture, lightness, shading, etc...almost
always creating a perfect blend! In the
Basic Photoshop Training I cover all of
these tools and show you how to touchup and restore by showing you in real-time
how its done in Photoshop.
All we are doing is replacing bad pixels (blemishes, pimples, etc.) with good
pixels using these tools. The patch tool works great on larger areas or areas
such as wrinkles or baggy eyes.
Using the color replacement tool will work wonders for red-eye correction and
when smoothing skin; just remember that it is color based and samples colors,
not source pixel characteristics.
Remember any file that you're making changes to, save your file as a .psd so you
can come back and keep working on your making changes to and then you can export
to other formats. If your work is important (need I ask?) BACK IT UP! You
never know what your computer might try to do. An external hard drive
works perfect or writable media (or DVD-R, CD-RW, CD-R).
If you're missing areas of a photo you can use the clone stamp tool or even the
lasso and copy>paste (onto a new layer) to fix areas. Yes, you can even
erase someone from a picture but this can get tricky and works best if you have
a simple background or one that you could easily clone to blend in.
Try using the dust and scratches filter if you have...dust or scratches.
Be careful with the settings as it can make the image blurry though it will get
rid of dust and scratched. I recommend duplicating the original image and
then applying the filter and lowering the opacity.
You can also spot correct specific are as with many of the tools listed above.
Remember you can use the zoom tool to get in there real close and make a good
correction (ie. getting rid of a large, singular scratch or UFO). Then
just save the .psd file and when you've retained your original image you can
always make changes to it and come back to it.
When you're happy just Save>As a .jpeg for example. This will flatten all of the
layers and will only show what is visible.
Great photo restoration or retouching can often take hours (if you really have a
challenge). But the more you understand how to use Photoshop's powerful
tools and the more you dig in and get comfortable with them, the faster you'll
be retouching and restoring more challenging images.
The tools are so powerful though that even if you're new you can begin making
instant corrections and when you see an image you might just itch to 'fix it' in
Discover Photoshop: Total Package (including the CS
Bonus disc), I go through several tutorials on using these tools
and retouching/restoring. If professional photographers use these powerful
post-production tools, just think what the average consumer photographer could
do to improve their images!
So go ahead and start touching up those images. It is essential to know these
tools and operations and is
an important part of your Photoshop awareness and effectiveness. And it's
JUST PLAIN FUN to fix up or screw around with family photos. Here
is a tutorial from Basic Photoshop on the
- Article by Orion Williams
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